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Consequently, if you have "...elevated liver enzymes" or a high or abnormal liver test, you need to ask your physician exactly what all of the tests indicate.

The blood tests that truly reflect liver function are the following; normal values (ranges) listed are for adult men - women and children have similar but slightly different ranges of normal test values Note that many hospitals and doctor's offices list a liver function panel as part of a lab workup.

It is important to clarify that ALT and AST levels do not reflect the function of the liver, even though in the medical community and in medical publications they commonly, and incorrectly, are referred to as liver function tests.

It is released into the serum when any one of these tissues is damaged.

For example, AST level in serum is elevated in heart attacks or with muscle injury.

In addition to AST and ALT, alkaline phosphatase, 5' nucleotidase, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) are a few of the other enzymes located in the liver.

The focus of this article is mainly on the most common liver enzymes, AST and ALT. It makes many of the chemicals required by the body to function normally, it breaks down and detoxifies substances in the body, and it also acts as a storage unit.

When the liver is damaged from disease, medication, alcohol, or other factors., a person may have symptoms of liver disease such as The aminotransferases enzymes catalyze chemical reactions in which an amino group from one amino acid (amino acids are building blocks of proteins) is transferred from a donor molecule to a recipient molecule, hence, the names "aminotransferases."Medical terms can sometimes be confusing, as is the case with these enzymes because they have interchangeable names that commonly appear in both medical and non-medical articles.

For example: AST (SGOT) is normally found in a variety of tissues including liver, heart, muscle, kidney, and the brain.This is not to say that it is exclusively located in the liver, but that is where it is most concentrated.It is released into the bloodstream as the result of liver injury.They include aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT).These enzymes are normally predominantly contained within liver cells and to a lesser degree in the muscle cells.Thus, it serves as a fairly specific indicator of liver status.

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